THE ROLE OF THE NURSE INFORMATICIST IN SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION ESSAY
The Assignment: (2-3 pages not including the title and reference page)
In preparation of filling this role, develop a 2- to 3-page role description for a graduate-level nurse to guide his/her participation on the implementation team. The role description should be based on the SDLC stages and tasks and should clearly define how this individual will participate in and impact each of the following steps:
- Planning and requirements definition
- Design of the new system
- Post-implementation support
- Use APA format and include a title page and reference page.
- Use the Safe Assign Drafts to check your match percentage before submitting your work.
The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation
Technology-driven changes in the healthcare setting have been a norm in the modern tech-driven age. With new, improved technologies being invented, the healthcare industry is equally demanded to adopt the incoming technologies to address the effectiveness and quality of care being delivered (Verma & Gupta, 2017). The increasing adoption of healthcare information and technology systems has increased nurses’ role in the healthcare sector, especially those working as nurse informatics (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, n.d.a) The role of the nurse informaticist in systems development and implementation essay. On the other hand, with data-driven decision-making becoming critical to safe and efficient care in healthcare systems, the healthcare industry and organizations demand data experts who can effectively understand and communicate these technologies hence the role of informatics.
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The Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) has become an essential model in the adoption and implementation of a new system in healthcare. The participation of nurse informatics in adopting and implementing the new system is an indispensable aspect, as his active presence in each SDLC stage ensures the system would be acceptable and usable by the rest of the nurses and healthcare professionals within the organization (Louis, 2011). Adopting the role of a nurse manager, informaticist inclusion is inevitable as he would foster the identification of critical facets of the new documentation system, which aligns with the organizational needs. The SDLC model entails five significant stages in system implementation. These include; planning and requirements definition, analysis, design of the new system, performance, and finally, post-implementation support (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2022). While each stage entails a specific role, they are integrated and interrelated to ensure adequate system development. This paper provides a role description of a graduate-level nurse on her role in the implementation team based on the SDLC model.
Planning and requirement defining is the first stage of the SDLC model. This stage is critical as it gives the system development process a shape and direction from an idea. Regarding the proposed system (documentation system), the graduate nurse would be critical in ensuring the development team understands the needs of the organization and the target end users. According to Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (n.d.b), successful planning ensures the system’s success. The nurse informaticist helps identify the system scope, requirements, the problem being solved, and timeline determination. The nurse’s role also ensures a link between the incoming system and the organizational needs. However, lack of nurse informatics inclusion in the planning stage helps the team to miss the target solution or the intended function of the incoming team, hence not addressing the organization or nurse’s needs.
Secondly, there is the Analysis stage, which entails the system developers designing the workflow process. This allows the evaluation of the system’s potentiality to meet the earlier identified application within the organization. The primary question is whether the proposed system would be able to meet the identified system needs. The nurse participates by ensuring the functionality of the system is focused on. More so, he remembers and discusses different components of the system, such as tools and system elements that ought to be considered in the overall making of the system. The inability to adopt the informaticist expertise would result in developing a plan with workflow and processes flaws.
Designing the system is the third stage of the SDLC process and entails modeling the new documentation system based on the plan and analysis conducted. More so, the team working on the system identifies how the software will work as data and interfaces are integrated hence determining visualization. The role of the nurse informaticist in systems development and implementation essay According to Wang et al. (2019), nurses are critical players in the change process as they understand essential and less essential input and output data in their nurse practice hence identifying the ‘how’ it will function of the system. In addition to helping identify the input data for the system, nurses can help scrutinize the outplayed workflow and work processes, ensuring the right path is followed in producing the expected results (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2022). Omitting nurses’ input at this stage exposes the system adoption and implementation at the risk of not capturing the correct data hence an ineffective system being developed. Vital system flaws and data would miss from the system, therefore, a flawed development process. Nurses’ participation helps the team and incoming documentation system focus on the earlier identified goals and objectives.
Next is the Implementation stage, the fourth stage in the SDLC model. The system is fully customized and installed into the hospital’s IT infrastructure at this stage. The previously worked-on system takes shape into an existing system within the care delivery practices (Verma & Gupta, 2017) The role of the nurse informaticist in systems development and implementation essay. Nurses’ role is critical at this stage as they participate in system troubleshooting, ensuring it produces the desired outcome. Nurses participate collaboratively in the system’s customization and testing, hence evaluating and providing feedback to the development team on the identified flaws to be collected. Failing to incorporate the nurse in the stage can result in the installation of a half based or a nonfunctional system that does not align with the organizational needs of clinical care. Finally, the nurses’ participation ensures a link between developers and users of the system, which are the nurses and other care providers. The nurse graduate would train the rest of the nurses, ensuring a successful change process and adoption of the system.
Finally, Post-Implementation is the last stage in the SDLC model. The final stage is critical as it is the evaluating stage, where the system functionality and each component are tested and ascertained to work effectively with zero flaws. The step ensures all bugs and errors are identified and addressed accordingly (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2022). The nurse participates by communicating any identified defects or errors of the system to the development team. More so, he (the nurse) ensures a healthy link between the developers and the system’s users by communicating between the two. Failure to include the nurses may result in adopting an approach with multiple errors or bugs, reducing the system’s quality of care and efficiency.
In conclusion, adopting the SDLC process facilitates the effective adoption and implementation of It systems within organizations. The participation of nurse informaticists in each SDLC stage proves valuable within the clinical setting as they inform not only the development process but also foster the adoption and implementation of a complete and functional system. In the provided case where the new documentation process is being adopted, the graduate would be a vital link between system development and organizational needs. In addition to informing the development teams of the system needs and requirements, they are essential sources of feedback in ensuring the system functions to the best possible ability providing zero challenges are faced in the system usability The role of the nurse informaticist in systems development and implementation essay.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (n.d.a). Health IT evaluation toolkit and evaluation measures quick reference guide. Retrieved January 26, 2022, from https://digital.ahrq.gov/health-it-evaluation-toolkit
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (n.d.b). Workflow assessment for health IT toolkit . Retrieved January 26, 2022, from https://digital.ahrq.gov/health-it-tools-and-resources/evaluation-resources/workflow-assessment-health-it-toolkit
Louis, I. (2011, August 17). Systems development life cycle . (SDLC) [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xtpyjPrpyX8
McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2022). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (5th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Verma, M. P., & Gupta, S. (2017). Software Development for Nursing: Role of Nursing Informatics. International Journal of Nursing Education and Research, 5(2), 203-207. DOI: 10.5958/2454-2660.2017.0004.8
Wang, J., Gephart, S. M., Mallow, J., & Bakken, S. (2019). Models of collaboration and dissemination for nursing informatics innovations in the 21st century. Nursing Outlook, 67(4), 419–432. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.outlook.2019.02.003 The role of the nurse informaticist in systems development and implementation essay