SPECIAL CRIME INVESTIGATIONCriminal InvestigationA. Its Concepts:The word investigate is derived from the Latin word “vestigare” meaning “to track or totrace.” When a person commits an act which is not in conformity with the accepted norm ofconduct of society, it is investigated. In this investigation, the process is to find facts and theinvestigator is a fact-finder. He proceeds by identifying the offender, locating and arresting himand simultaneously gathering the evidence to convict him in court.Criminal investigation requires the investigators the effectiveness, knowledge,investigative technique and the experiences about investigative methods, procedures, rules andpolicies to include the five (5) “W’s” and one (1) “H”, they are: what offense has beencommitted? Where was the offense committed? Who committed the offense? When was theoffense committed? Why was the offense committed?and; How was the offense committed?B. DefinitionIt is an art and a science of identifying, collecting, preserving and evaluating informationfor the purpose of bringing a criminal offender to justice without which relevant highly significantevidence may be overlooked and improperly or inefficiently gathered, and incorrect conclusionsmay be drawn.C. Basic Elements of the Investigative Process1. Recognition: the investigating officer must recognize information relating to a crimeas such.2. Collection: relevant information must also be collected by the investigat … Purchase document to see full attachment
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