Reasoning and fallacies

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1Reasoning and FallaciesStudent NameDepartment, InstitutionCourse Title and NumberInstructorDate2Reasoning and FallaciesInductive Reasoning FallaciesInductive reasoning allows the argument to begin from the small sample and forinference to be made on the overall population. Fallacies may result during inductive reasoningby making hasty generalizations when the qualities of a small sample are compared to the entirepopulation. In some cases, the sample is unrepresentative of the larger population and thereforeunsuitable for forming any premises for generalization. For instance, having several studiousfriends who wear spectacles could lead to an inductive reasoning fallacy that all bespectacledpeople are studious. In other cases, inductive reasoning fails due to false analogies wheredifferent properties are used to make inferences. Some cases of inductive reasoning fail whenthere is the denial of proper inferences due to slothful induction. The fallacy of exclusion ininductive reasoning is caused by not including all the evidence required to make the rightinference (Salmon, 2013).Deductive Reasoning FallaciesIn deductive reasoning, inferences are made on specific instances based on populationcharacteristics. Fallacies in deductive reasoning could be due to the accidental application of ageneral rule to the wrong scenario. Violence is universally a detested quality in any population.However, in self-defense, deducing that violence is wrong is an accid … Purchase document to see full attachment

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