I.First, look for research reports on “EFFECT OF CELL PHONE USE” and find 7 peer-reviewed journals that discuss the effects of cell phone use on VISION, ATTENTION, PERCEPTION, OR MEMORY, make sure they address one or more of the following issues:
• How do texting, handheld phones, and hands-free phones compare with each other in their effects on driving?
• How do other, traditional distractions compare to cell phone use in their effects on driving (such as eating, attending to children, talking to passengers, listening to music/news, etc.)?
• Can cell phone use while driving be compared with drunk driving? Why or why not?
• What other variables (such as age) can affect driving while using a cell phone?
Based on your reading of the articles, create an annotated bibliographyfor each of the five sources. Each annotation should consist of the APA reference entry followed by a paragraph-long summary of the articles. In your summary, provide answers for the questions below. For the last question, think about how the research results could be generalized to fit other environments or not be generalized. Use 4 pages for this.
• Summarize the main ideas in the reference. What were they investigating?
• How were the studies conducted? What was the sample size? Is it appropriate?
• Were the studies conducted in the real world or was a simulated environment used?
• How might these methodological considerations affect the research findings and the conclusions drawn from them? How does this article fit in with your paper? How did it influence yourown ideas about your paper?
Follow all these directions closely, thank you.
II.The second part involvesGenerating a Policy Proposal
Although some states and cities have passed laws to ban texting and using handheld phones while driving, there is no current law to ban all cell phone use while driving. However, according to the National Safety Council (2009), 28 percent of all crashes—1.6 million per year—are caused by cell phone use and texting by drivers. The mission of a new national nonprofit organization called FocusDriven, patterned after Mothers Against Drunk Driving, is to make phone use while driving as illegal and socially unacceptable as drunk driving. US Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood supports FocusDriven and its efforts: According to the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, LaHood said this movement will become “an army of people traveling the countryside” to push for bans on cell phone use and tough enforcement (Schmit, 2010).
Writer, you as a political advocate interested in this issue, will be writing a policy proposal that utilizes the current research to propose a solution to the issueand submit it in this assignment.
Dear Writer, please note that your proposal is not an opinion/position paper, and yourconclusions need to be based on the scientific research you reviewed earlier.
Please follow the typical steps in proper academic writing (planning, outlining, drafting, revising, proofing, and editing) to generate the following proposal structure:
In the introduction, you should set up the purpose for the proposal, provide a bit of background on the topic, and present your thesis.
Now that you have researched a variety of studies (part number I. of this assignment), compile that information together to create a recommendation for policy makers regarding cell phone use while driving.
1: In a one-page summary, compare and contrast the results of the various studies regarding the cognitive abilities that are affected during cell phone use while driving.
2: Using that research, develop and explain particular recommendations for policy makers. For instance, restrict texting, or regulate the use of hand-held phones. All your recommendations must be supported by your research findings.
3: Based on the gaps in current research, describe the variables, populations, and situations whichyou would like to see future research address.
Review the important current research, your conclusions from that research, and how the future could look in both policy and research. Keep your goal in mind: To convince the reader to support your current policy proposal and future research to examine this issue more closely.
Your proposal should be written in APA style 5 pages long.
Project Grading Criteria and Rubric
Assignment 1 Grading Criteria Maximum Points
Analysis and comparison of current research on cognitive effects of phone use, intoxication, age, and other factors while driving. (Course Objectives [CO]1 CO2) 72
Recommendations for public policy.
Recommendations for future research.
(CO2, CO3) 92
Usage and Mechanics (16)
APA Elements (24)
Style (8) 64
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