LAW 2560 Refugee Law And Policy

Question:

Although the Australian migration policy is supposed not to discriminate against race, is it actually?

Are you also concerned about the erosion of the principle non-discrimination?

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
LAW 2560 Refugee Law And Policy
Just from $8/Page
Order Essay

An important policy analysis

You might begin by explaining what the supposed immigration policy is and how it differs to what was in the past (white policies etc.). Then, show us how the current policy differs to the ideal or what it should be.

While it would be nice to point out ways that this could not be just happenstance, actually proving anything like this is far too difficult for a paper as this.

If you believe that this is the right path, then you could suggest ways to improve the current policy.

You should also be aware of the fact that different countries and peoples from different countries are subject to different risk ratings and thus require different things in relation to tourist visas and student visas.

(Some countries are excluded completely from the “working vacation visa”.

Are these differences based on race or ethnicity?

Please elaborate

While it isn’t easy to understand, there are reasons to believe it is.

Although there are some differences in the rates and raw numbers, it is clear that the most frequent visa over-stayers are those from the US and UK.

Answer:

Australia is a developed nation that offers high-quality education and well-paid jobs.

These are the reasons why students from all parts of the world and those looking for work are attracted to Australia’s opportunities.

Australia has introduced many laws to accommodate them while maintaining security.

These laws are created with the welfare of citizens from foreign countries in mind.

They are updated regularly to keep up with the changing demands of the society.

Australia can be secular and maintain its national integrity by applying them correctly.

The 1951 agreement by the Australian government with the United Nations for the protection of refugees was signed. This means that the Australian government can develop policies and laws to help refugees.

You can also see that Australia has taken in more than 760000 refugees after World War II.

Europeans seeking aid arrived in Australia in late 1940s.

The Australian government did not have appropriate laws, regulations, or policies related to refugees.

A second group of refugees came from the Indo-China region.

When refugees and asylum seekers are in Australia, it is the responsibility of the Australian government to protect the basic human rights of these refugees.

Australia discovered gold in 1851. Many immigrants settled in New South Wales.

There were more than 40000 immigrants from China among all the settlers.

Article 1A(2) defines a refugee to be a person who is afraid of persecution of their race, religion, or political opinions.

Because of this, they don’t want to remain in their country.

The Australian Migration Act has been integrated into Australian domestic Law. This has a direct effect on the Australian’s obligation to non-refoulement.

The section 36(2) of Migration law allows for a visa to be granted to peoples not citizens of Australia.

The Migration Act, 1958 also provides policies and guidelines for the management of all forms and types of visa applications to Australia.

It also provides humanitarian assistance.

The refugee convention should include any family violence that has adversely affected the person’s physical or psychological health.

In simple words, “stop the boats”, as it was called, is a strict law that reduces the number of refugees who came to Australia in boat.

Many people from the USA and UK have been seen exceeding their visas in some instances.

They spend more time in Australia than what is legally allowed.

The government ignores this fact and has not taken any action against them.

However, strict action was taken within a short time against people from Asian countries, such as China and Japan, Malaysia, India, and Malaysia, who overstayed their visas.

These people are also banned from entering Australia for a time.

These are examples of how Australia discriminates between Asian people and whites.

Law Regulating Student Visa

Australia’s Education Services for Overseas Students Act (ESOS Act) is a framework. It includes a code for practices and a framework to support overseas students studying in Australian colleges and universities.

The National Code of Practice for Registration Authorities and Providers of Education and Training to International Students provides protection for the overseas student.

Every university places importance on visa policy and immigration, in order to make an impact on international education industry.

If you are looking for the best higher education in Australia, then you should consider studying at universities and colleges located in developed countries.

Australia is considered a developed country and students assume that there are no laws or discrimination against students based on skin color or race.

In reality, however, this is not the case.

Students from Asian countries have to follow stricter security guidelines than those from European countries.

Every student must pass the English efficiency test to study abroad.

It is much more difficult for students from Asian countries to study abroad.

A new arrangement, the Streamlined Visa Processing arrangements, was introduced in 2012.

Because it has lower immigration risk for students from different races, all international students who have studied so far have chosen it.

These regulations and rules must be followed by Australian universities in order to protect the country’s National Security Interest.

The Australian Government’s Department of Immigration and Border Protection made a lot of changes to the student’s visa in 2014 and 2012.

The AL5 and AL3 levels of the student visa application process have been lowered. Students now have to go through three levels instead of five.

They will require less money for their stay. Additionally, they need to demonstrate how they will obtain funding for their education for 12 month, instead of the previous 18-month period.

Table 1: Migration Programme Intake Planed Intake & Visa Granted 1996-2011

According to the statistics, there was 74000 applicants for the Australian student’s visa between 1996 and 1997. Of those, 73900 were granted.

Recent statistics show that the number of students applying for Australian visas has increased to 190300 in 2008-2009. Of these, 171318 were granted the visa.

To apply for a student visa, overseas students must pass IELTS. This exam measures the proficiency of English Language.

A student who applies for a visa via Confirmation of Enrolment of an institution where they will be admitted to Bachelors, Masters, or other exchange programs will have their application processed in a simplified way.

They will need less evidence to submit a visa application, regardless their origin.

Students are now allowed to work up to 20 hours per week, and visa charges have been reduced.

Prepaid homestay fees are available, as well as a post-study work permit, which allows students to live and work in Australia.

SkillSelect, an online service for skilled workers and graduates, was also launched.

Visa to Work

The Working Holiday Visa was introduced in 1975. It was only open to citizens of the UK, Ireland and Canada.

Because Australia had some historic policies, it was called the “White Australia Policy” at that time.

All non-European countries, including Chinese and Indian people, were exempted from entry to Australia by those policies.

After the second world War, the policy was modified. It allowed for the first-time non-British, white people to enter the country.

In the early 20th Century, Australia’s prime minister reinforced these policies by stating that Australia should be the country that has the descendants of the British who arrived there to bring about peace.

In 1973, the “white Australia policy”, which was illegally abolished, was finally repealed.

Whitlam Labor’s government introduced numerous amendments that prevented enforcement based upon the immigrant race.

From 1980 to 2006, the program was expanded and included many more countries like Taiwan, Japan, Hong Kong, and many other European countries.

Except for the USA, visas are limited to a maximum of five per country.

This is again due to white supremacy.

An overseas applicant is required to apply for the Australian Working Holiday Visa.

The candidate must not be under the age of 30 and cannot be accompanied by dependent children.

For people from Canada, Ireland and other European countries, the upper age limit is different.

This law is discriminatory against whites and other nationalities.

A “Working Holiday Visa” issued by Australia allows a visitor to enter Australia within twelve months.

After entering Australia, the visa will allow the visitor to stay for up 12 months.

Visitors can leave Australia and return as many times as they wish, but the total number of days the visitor spends outside Australia during the specified time will not count towards the 12-month limit.

Temporary migrant workers who come from non-English-speaking countries such as India, China and Africa are often underpaid or overworked.

There were also allegations of sexual harassment, assault and intimidation against women working in these countries.

If a person is from Europe or the USA, there may be many people who have overstayed their visa. But the government isn’t concerned and, most importantly, they never punish them.

Some people may overstay their visas for as much as 10 years.

People from less developed or Asian countries may overstay their visas and be banned from Australia.

This is discrimination directly based upon the worker’s nationality and the language they speak.

Table 2: Grants to Foreign Students and Temporary Businesses Visas 2000-2009

It can be seen that Australia’s overseas student population has increased by threefold between 2000 and 2009.

For working holiday visas, 36900 applicants applied for a visa between 2000 and 2001, while 1012800 were enrolled in 2008 to 2009.

Because of their fair skin tone and English being their mother tongue, white people are more likely to be granted a working holiday visa extension and become permanent residents of Australia.

People from Asian countries, such as India and China, are not considered permanent residents.

This is discrimination among workers.

The applicate in this case claimed that the applicant is a citizen from Afghanistan. He was also applied for a visa in November 2012, according to him.

In July 2013, however, the delegates refused to grant him the visa.

The applicant also claimed that he was born in Afghanistan, and that he had a small family who lived in Pakistan, Peshawar. This was because their Afghan family members were not safe.

Further, the applicant claimed his father bought land in Afghanistan. However, the government of Afghanistan forced them to give this land to build a girls’ school.

His father was willing and able to donate his land in order to build a girls school.

His father decided to donate his land for the government. The Taliban then killed him.

Within 10 days, the Taliban community sent the letter to the applicant informing him that they were responsible for the death of his father.

He was required to sign another document in order to transfer the land needed to build the school for girls.

After signing the document, six Taliban arrived at the applicant’s place to force him into the car.

According to the applicant, he was also detained by Taliban approximately.

He was released from prison one evening.

He was released from the jail after escaping detention with the assistance of Pakistan police.

His father’s friend house for seven months.

This man can help the applicant get to Australia.

The applicant claimed his wife and children would be returning to Pakistan once he had arrived in Australia.

The situation in Afghanistan was unsafe for them.

The applicant also claimed that the Afghan government was unable to protect him or his family because the Taliban network is organized and well-established.

This case was decided by the delegates. The applicant was unable show the latest country information, which shows that the Taliban are targeting girls who participate in their education.

It can be seen that the school had 5000 students when the Taliban left Afghanistan. The school closed down after the Taliban attack. However, it is clear that the school had 2.4 million girls.

According to the above information, the delegates found no connection that the school’s support has resulted in any harm for the returnees.

Delegates also recommended that the applicant relocate to Kabul to avoid the negative consequences, which would be comparatively easier for him and his family.

Policy Review

The discussion above shows that asylum seekers arrived in Australia because they were seeking humanitarian help since the 1940s.

A refugee refers to a person who cannot stay in their home country due to persecution of race, religion, skin colour, members of certain social groups, political opinions, and other factors.

The framework for international students studying in Australia is the ESOS Act.

The Colleges and universities in Australia must follow the basic codes and conducts for international students.

The overseas student must have a valid student Visa to be allowed to study at the Australian university.

The 1975 Working Holiday Visa was also introduced by the Australian government for young citizens from the UK, Ireland, and Canada.

This visa program has been expanded to include Japan and other countries such as Hong Kong, Taiwan, Taiwan, and so on.

This category requires that the applicant be between 19-30 years of age. The upper age limit varies from country to country.

The age-old White Australian Policy is heavily influencing Australia’s immigration law. That is why the government of Australia still prefers white people. These are mostly European citizens from the UK, USA and other European nations.

This policy was designed to maintain the purity among Australians.

The world has changed over the last century, and it is now more open to different languages and races.

However, students from Asian countries like China or India are denied student visas because they have to give harder questions in IELTS.

If the student wishes to remain in Australia for a work visa, after their studies are over, then the policy becomes a barrier.

Many people who came to Australia as workers or refugees were granted a “working holiday visa.” However, they found better opportunities and more convenient visas.

These workers were often subject to harsh punishments such as the cancellation of their Australia visa.

The workers are also exploited because they do not speak English. They are made to work extra hard and paid less.

The female workers are sexually harassed, or even exploited.

The government does not speak out about a person who has overstayed their visa from the USA or European countries.

The law is not broken and they can remain in Australia for up 10 years.

Suggestions

Recent changes have seen some improvements in the Australian Migration Law, Refugees Laws, Law Regulating Student Visa and Work Holiday Visa of Australia.

It is now easier for immigrants to apply for visas because the laws are more flexible.

Both the cost of stay and the amount spent have been reduced.

There are many loopholes in the laws that can be found if you carefully examine them.

People most at risk are those who have low incomes or citizens from countries that do not speak English.

They could also include people who came to Australia for work, but can’t pay the return airfare.

For permanent migration to Australia, stricter laws apply.

The process should continue as it is done while keeping in mind security for the whole country.

Due to the different types of verification that take place, it can take a while to obtain such types of visas.

It would be more beneficial for all if the process was faster and took less time.

There should be no problem with the immigrant of Eastern countries, especially those from Asia, to obtain a visa to enter the country or stay there.

In cases where the student is having difficulties securing the funding for study, the person who is applying to study in Australia may be allowed a little more time off.

Australia can provide a place for international students to go if they are subject to discrimination due their race, skin colour or country of origin.

This will provide them with a sense of security in Australia.

Most of the problems can be found in those who visited Australia for work.

Because they come from a non-English speaking nation and are not able to understand and speak English well, they are treated poorly.

They may be underpaid, overworked, or both.

They may be forced to work in dangerous areas without the proper safety gear, and they may also receive substandard accommodations.

All these factors being considered, it is clear that Australia should have no discrimination against people who are coming to Australia for study or employment.

Therefore, there are certain laws and policies regarding Migration that must be complied with by overseas students and refugees.

These laws provide protection to immigrants and citizens as well as help immigrants get the best facilities.

“At The Border Contagion, Immigration, Nation.”

Australian Historical Studies 33, no.

“Detailing transnational life of the middle: British working holidaymakers in Australia”.

Journal of Ethnic and Migration studies 31: 322-322.

Crock, Mary, L. A. Berg.

The law, policy and practice of Australia in immigration, refugees and forcible migration.

“Sovereignty in global times: Migration and the rule of Law.”

The Modern Law Review 67.

Goodwin-Gill Guy S., Jane McAdam

The refugee in international legal.

Oxford University Press 2007.

Grove, Natalie J., & Anthony B. Zwi.

“Our health & theirs: forced migration and othering. Public health.”

Social science & medicine, 62: 1931-1942.

Guerette Rob T. Migrations culture conflict, crime, and terrorism

“Time to reform?”

“Reform is needed for refugees, asylum-seekers, protection under International Human Rights Law, and protection from persecution.”

Quarterly 34: Refugee Survey, no.

Hoang Khanh, Sudrishti Reich.

“Managing crime in migration law in Australia and America: A Comparative Analysis.”

“Travel Plans: Border crossings and rights of transnational immigrants.”

Migrants & Rights, pp.

“Japanese working holidaymakers in Australia and their relationship with the Japanese labour market: Before & after”

Refugees and human rights myths: life beyond the reach of the law

Marginson, Simon and Chris Nyland. Erlenawati, Helen Forbes-Mewett.

International student security.

Cambridge University Press 2010.

McNulty A. M. McNulty C. Egan H. Wand and B. Donovan

“The behaviour and sexual well-being of young backpackers from overseas”

Sexually Transmitted Infections86.

“The incommensurability law to justice: Refugees & Australia’s temporary protective visa.

Law & Literature 16, No.

“Low-cost labour and cultural exchange”

Reforming the Working Holiday visa program.

The Economic and Labour Relations Review 26, No.

“Student Switchers and Regulation of Residence: The Interface of the Individual and Australia’s Immigration Regime.”

Population, Space and Place 17, no.

“Time and Temporary Migration: The Case of Working Holiday Makers and Temporary Graduate Workers in Australia”

Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 40, no.

“Australian citizenship law – context.”

Tan, Yan and Laurence H. Lester.

“Labour market, economic impacts of international temporary workers to Australia”

18: Population, space, and place 18.

Tham, Joo Cheong and Judy Fudge.

“Unsavoury Employer practices: Understanding Temporary Migration in the Australian Food Services Sector.”

International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations (2018).

Tham and Joo-Cheong. Iain Campbell. Martina Boese.

“Why is Labour Protection for Temporary Migrant Workers so Faught?”

A perspective from Australia.

To, Your guide.

“Working in Australia”.

“International students-returning their investments: Australia’s reform program in international education.”

The landscape for policymakers and practitioners in higher education (2012): 71–82.

Policing citizens who are not citizens.

Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Open chat
1
Hello Good Friend
40% OFF on your Assignments.
How can we help you today?

Order your essay today and save 20% with the discount code TWENTYTWENTY50