Hydropower

Hydropower LectureSubject: HydrologyHydropower is electricity generated using the energy of moving water. Rain or melted snow, usuallyoriginating in hills and mountains, create streams and rivers that eventually run to the ocean. The energy ofthat moving water can be substantial, as anyone who has been whitewater rafting knows.This energy has been exploited for centuries. Farmers since the ancient Greeks have used waterwheels to grind wheat into flour. Placed in a river, a water wheel picks up flowing water in buckets locatedaround the wheel. The kinetic energy of the flowing river turns the wheel and is converted into mechanicalenergy that runs the mill.In the late 19th century, hydropower became a source for generating electricity. The firsthydroelectric power plant was built at Niagara Falls in 1879. In 1881, street lamps in the city of Niagara Fallswere powered by hydropower. In 1882 the world’s first hydroelectric power plant began operating in theUnited States in Appleton, Wisconsin.A typical hydro plant is a system with three parts: an electric plant where the electricity is produced; adam that can be opened or closed to control water flow; and a reservoir where water can be stored. Thewater behind the dam flows through an intake and pushes against blades in a turbine, causing them to turn.The turbine spins a generator to produce electricity. The amount of electricity that can be generated dependson how far the water drops and how much water moves t … Purchase document to see full attachment

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