Deterrence of Punishment for Drunk Driving
Road accidents have proven to be the most common cause of death and disabilities. The high rate of road accidents has turned the traffic lights erected on the roads to be just but decorations. Signboards on the roadsides have also lost their meaning since drivers are no longer using them. Research shows that nearly half of the road accidents are as a result of alcohol abuse. Driving under the influence (DUI) contributes to death and injuries to the drunken individual as well as to innocent passengers. To control this, the government has come up with policies trying to curb drinking while driving. The government has set two types of policies in relation to this field. First, the systems try to deter the act of driving while drunk. That is assumed to reduce the number of people who might consider driving while under the influence of alcohol. Secondly, there are policies set to minimize the amount of alcohol consumption especially by motorists.
According to Lee& Teske (2015), the issue of deterrence to offenders is classified according to the factors affecting the individual as well as the nature of the accident. The research addresses the community as well as the different factors used in courts to determine cases for those involved in drunk driving. The author places emphasis on the effectiveness as well as the failure of the deterrent effects on the situation. The article focuses on how the deterrence effects interfere with the community and how the deterrence for punishment can change drunk driving to informal control. That is, granting people an internal power that drives them and helps them avoid drunken driving (Lee& Teske, 2015).
Research has proven that, the severity and swiftness of punishment given to the offenders has significantly affected the community as well as the offenders. However, this has not improved or made a significant impact on the community time for survival (Lee& Teske, 2015). Reducing of the penalties and probation time among the offenders has led to the failure of probation as a method of controlling drunk driving.
On the other hand, Yu (1994), views the issue of deterrence as a way of measuring the celerity and severity of punishments. The article evaluates some additive and interactive equations to estimate the effectiveness of the deterrence model. The results generated from the research shows that, fines gradually decrease when the policy of license withdrawal is instituted as mandatory. That eventually reduces the rate of recidivism by a substantive percentage. There is a swift fine imposition recorded as a result of license withdrawal (Yu, 1994). Hence, the author provides a detailed explanation of the research outcomes as well as the implications that come with the public policy.
Therefore, despite the increase in the death rate as a result of road accidents, the government needs to be effective in controlling the number of accidents. That is by enforcing policies on the public and the offenders. The policies put across by the government should be evaluated to test their impact towards reducing drunk driving. However, deterrence models are necessary for determining the celerity of the punishments given to the offenders (Yu, 1994). Many drivers, who drive while drunk, do it as a result of ignorance and not lack of policies. Everyone ought to be responsible in driving to avoid loss of lives and to change the issue of careless driving from being unlawful to being a moral aspect.
Lee, C., & Teske, R. (2015). Specific Deterrence, Drunk Driving, and Community Context: An Event History Analysis. International Journal Of Offender Therapy And Comparative Criminology, 59(3), 230-258.
Yu, J. (1994). Punishment celerity and severity: Testing a particular deterrence model on drunk driving recidivism. Journal Of Criminal Justice, 22(4), 355-366
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