NURS612 Key Points to Review for Exam 3This exam is NOT cumulative and covers Weeks 9 -14Key Pointto ReviewAbdomenWhat areexamples ofappropriatehistory ofpresentillness(HPI)questionsyou mayask apatient witha chiefcomplaintof anabdominalissue?Describehow youwouldinspect theabdomen.STUDENT NOTES••••••••Onset and duration: when it began; sudden or gradual; persistent, recurrent,intermittentCharacter: dull, sharp, burning, gnawing, stabbing, cramping, aching, colickyLocation: of onset, change in location over time, radiating to another area,superficial or deepAssociated symptoms: vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, passage of flatus,belching, jaundice, change in abdominal girth, weight loss or weight gainRelationship to: menstrual cycle, abnormal menses, intercourse, urination,defecation, inspiration, change in body position, food or alcohol intake, stress,time of day, traumaRecent stool characteristics: color, consistency, odor, frequencyUrinary characteristics: frequency, color, volume congruent with fluid intake,force of stream, ease of starting stream, ability to empty bladderMedications: high doses of aspirin, steroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatorydrugs (NSAIDs)Proper steps to examine abdomen: inspection, auscultation, percussion, and palpationUsing tangential lighting, inspect the abdomen for 4 surface characteristics1. Observe the skin color. It may vary greatly but should have no jaundice, cyanosis,… Purchase document to see full attachment
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